New NIH Grant Award Received
News from the Office of Research: Dr. Ramji Bhandari (Biology) receives $1.5 M grant from NIH
The Bhandari Laboratory received an R01 grant funding from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) to support the ongoing research project “Germline transmission of epigenetic alterations to offspring”. The project will start immediately and the fund will support it until November 2027. Here is the abstract of the project.
The overall goal of this research program is to delineate the role of germline epigenetic alterations (epimutations) in the onset and progression of inter-and transgenerational reproductive defects. So far, published scientific literature suggests that environmentally induced epigenetic alterations, mainly DNA methylation, histone modifications, and RNA modifications (epitranscriptome), are transmitted to subsequent generations via germline (eggs or sperm). However, the role of observed epimutations in the development of reproductive phenotypes is not well understood because of a lack of clear understanding of PGC to germline and germline-to soma transfer of reprogramming-resistant epimutations during the turnover of generations. Here in the proposed study, we are asking three big questions: a) Do germline epimutations establish age and developmental stage specifically? b) Do ancestrally established transgenerational epimutations predispose future generations to increased risks for reproductive impairment if exposed again to emerging environmental chemicals of concern? c) Is the role of the observed epimutations in the development of progression of phenotypic traits causative or correlative? This R01 research project will systematically answer these questions in three different aims. Bisphenol A (BPA) will be used as a ubiquitous model endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC), Bisphenol S (BPS) and Per- and Polyfluorinated Substances (PFAS) will be used as emerging contaminants of concern (CECs), and medaka fish as a comparative vertebrate animal model. Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that male germ cells at all stages of development are susceptible to BPA, the model EDC. Aim 2 will test the hypothesis that exposure of F3 generation offspring with pre-existing epimutations to CECs will result in an increased incidence of reproductive impairment. Aim 3 will test the hypothesis that the EDC-induced epimutations are associated with reduced fertility in males and females and that these epimutations can be corrected by reprogrammable CRISPR-dCas9 epigenome editing in vivo. The project will identify footprints of the past exposure, determine the role of epimutations in reproductive impairment, determine whether inherited epimutations predispose current and future generations to increased risks of reproductive health due to exposure to emerging contaminants of concern, and provide significant insights into mechanisms underlying germline transmission of the epigenome and longitudinal health risks of exposure. Understanding of key time points during which epimutations transfer would provide insights into strategies for the mitigation of future estrogenic chemical-induced reproductive health effects in humans.