Angiosperms-Shrubs and Trees

Common and Scinetific Name Details Photos

American Beech

Fagus grandifolia

A common large tree of the park woods, a large section of them can be seen east of Phillips-Hawkins Hall. The smooth sivery bark is often marked by student graffitti. the leaves become golden in the fall and to not fall off the tree till early spring. beech leaf beech

Ash, Green or Red

Fraxinus pennsyvanica

Scattered individuals throughout park woods, easily confused with White Ash. Look for 3 -7 leaflets on compund leaves, prominant buds at end of leaf, edges of leaflets can be smooth or toothed. red ash

Ash, White

Fraxinus americana

Scattered individuals throughout the park woods. Do differentiate between White and Red ash, look for 5-9 leaflets, leaflets are usually smooth white ash  

Basswood

Tilia sp.

Scatterd individuals found in park woods american basswood

Black Cherry

Prunus serotina

Found scattered throughout woods, most found along Gray Drive south of Renyolds Hall

Black berry or Raspberry

Rubus sp.

A large a difficult genus, several species may be in the park. blackberry  

Black Locust

Robinia pseudo-acacia

Scattered individuals in park woods and along margins of fields. Has big groupings of fragrant white flowers in the spring. black locust blacklocust flower
       

Black Tupelo or Black gum

Nyssa Sylvatica

Scattered individuals found in park woods south of Cone Hall. Ends of branches look spider-like black tupelo

Black Willow

Salix nigra

Common small tree along creeks and in park fields black willow  

Buckeye

Aesculus sylvatica

A couple of individuals can be found along the drive south of Renyolds Hall (near the Pawpaws) buckeye  

Chestnut, Chinese

Castanea mollissima

There are a few planted individuals in the fields of the park and around campus. The distinct spiny fruit and sharply toothed leaves make this low widespread tree stand out. chinese chestnut chinese chestnut leaf

Dogwood

Cornus florida

A common understory tree with white flowers blooming in early spring dogwood  

Elm, slippery

 

  elm seed elm leaf

Euonymus, Winged

Euonymus alatus

Commonly cultivated shrub, can be found in many areas of the park woods. Has distinctive barklike "wings" on its branches. euonymus shrub euonymus leaves

Heavenly Bamboo

Nandina domestica

Commonly planted as an ornamental on campus. can be seen by the music building, and Phillips-Hawkins Hall bamboo  

Hickory, Pignut

Carya glabra

Scatterd individuals throughout park pignut hickory leaf pignut hickory nut

Hickory, Shagbark

Carya ovata

Scattered individuals, easily identified by distinctive shaggy bark shagbark shagbark leaves

Holly, American

Ilex opaca

Widely planted on campus as an ornamental, found throughout the park. Can be a shrub or tree. May have red berries in the fall. holly  

Holly, Grape

Mahonia bealei

Commonly planted as an ornamental on campus, escaped individuals can be found scattered throughout park woods. Does not get bigger than a shrub. Has distinctive blue-purple berries in the fall months grape holy  

Maple, Sugar

Acer saccharum

The most common of the maples in our park. sugar maple  

Mimosa or silktree

Albizia julibrissin

Exotic. Found at scattered locations in park, often by stream edges. Fine feathery leaves and fragrant pink blossoms in the late spring early summer. mimosa mimosa

Mulberry, white

Morus alba

A large shrub or small tree common at weedy locations at wood edges and along stream in the fields. You can eat the berries when they arrive in the late spring and turn red/black. white mulberry beries

Oak, Black

Quercus velutina

Scattered individuals in the park woods, mostly north of Grogan Hall black oak  

Oak, Southern red or spanish

Quercus falcata

One of the principle canopy trees of the park woods. The main difference between this and the white oak is the lobes on the leaves come to points. red oak  

Oak, White

Quercus alba

One of the principle canopy trees of the park woods and commonly planed elsewhere as a shade tree. white oak leaves  

Oak, Willow

Quercus phellos

Scattered individuals in the park woods, most commonly seen as the HUGE shade trees found in the fields and to the west. These trees are in the oak family, but the leaves are more like the willow tree (hence the common name) willow oak leaves willow oak tree

Pawpaw

Asimina triloba

Found along streams and along drive south of Renyolds Hall pawpaw  

Redbud or Judas Tree

Cercis canadensis

A characteristic understory tree of the park woods along with the dogwood. Has little pink flowers that bloom in early spring and heart shaped leaves redbud

River Birch

Betula nigra

Planted as an ornamental on edges of park and along the stream. Has the distinctive shaggy bark. Not to be confused with the paper birch which although on campus is not within the park boundries. riverbirch trunk riverbirch leaves

Royal Paulownia or Empress tree

Paulownia tomentosa

This invasive exotic tree has been recently appeared on the path to the music building on the east side of Grogan Hall. Easily spotted with its very fast growth and large fuzzy leaves. royal paulownia royal paulownia leaves

Southern Magnolia or Bull Bay

Magnolia grandioflora

Comonly planted as and ornimental, escaped individuals can be found in the park woods. Big White flowers in late spring. Thick leather like leaves that stay on all winter. magnolia  

Spicebush

Lindera benzoin

One individual on campus along wast side of Renyolds hall spicebush leaves spice bush

Sweetgum

Liquidambar styraciflua

Common tree found in the park woods. Has distinctive star shaped leaves, and spiky seed balls sweetgum ball sweetgum leaf

Sycamore

Platanus occidentalis

Common tree in the park. The leaf size is your biggest clue to this tree. the leaves can span 15-18 inches at it widest width. sycamore  

Tuliptree or tulip- poplar or yellow poplar

Liriodendron tulipifera

One of the principle canopy trees in the park woods. Has distictive yellow green flowers in the pring, and distinctive leaf shape. A very large specimen is found near Renyolds Hall by the stream,roots pictured here. tulip tree poplar roots

Walnut, black

Juglans nigra

Scattered individuals in the park, by open areas. Compound leaves with 13-23 leaflets. Has large green nuts that turn black in the fall black walnut